CALL FOR UNITY: NATIONISM VS NATIONALISM IN NIGERIA.

PhotoGrid_1501609727874
A Cross Representation of the Major tribes/ethnics in Nigeria

Justifiably, the creation work of the british administration in this part of the sub Saharan Africa over a century ago has not only suffered instability but also disunity. Nigeria has (and is still witnessing) series of events, actions and reactions. And like a seasoned movie, the end is not in sight.

These continual troubles have further raised issues and opinions as to whether the Fredrick Luggard’s hosted marriage was even a right bid. So far, the country is been torn apart by internal crisis, war, and hates speeches thereby threatening the nationhood.

Sir Hugh Clifford, the British colonial administrator and Governor General of Nigeria ( 1920 – 1931 ) after Fredrick Luggard, described Nigeria as “a collection of independent Native States, separated from one another by great distances , by differences of history and traditions and by ethnological, racial, tribal, political, social and religious barriers.” –Culled from James Smoot Coleman’s book, Nigeria (p. 194).

It is in this plight that this article wills to dig out solutions from the present ditch using sociolinguistics terms and some historical antecedents as it relates to the theme. The title has already given insights to the approach. First, we would understand the concepts of ‘Nationism and ‘Nationalism’. Then we forge ahead with other relevant concepts.

Nationism:
Nationism is the practical effort and services geared towards running and maintaining a nation. This means that, unlike the belief of some, nations are artificial creations. Therefore, Continue reading

A BREAKDOWN OF THE 33 CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT BILLS PASSED BY THE SENATE; INTERPRETATIONS AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS.

Just as promised some weeks ago, the 8th Senate under the leadership of Senator Bukola Saraki is fulfilling the Constitutional amendment process. The senate is riding on an already established record of numerous bill passage within its first 2yrs of inauguration. Thus, it is making a giant stride with the constitution review considerations.

The Constitution review committee, as chaired by the Deputy Senate President Ike Ekweremadu, this week submitted 33 bills on the floor of the house for considerations. And we the use of the Electronic voting system (e-voting), 29 out of it were successfully passed yesterday.

Among the passed bills are the famous #nottoyoungtorun bill, Local government autonomy bill, restriction of tenure and financial autonomy of the states government.
Below is a breakdown, voting results, interpretations and status of each bill.

Bill 1: Amendment of the Members of the Council of States.
Interpretation: The Council of States which currently consists of the sitting President, living ex-presidents and the sitting Senate President and speaker should now include the ex-Senate president “provided that such a person was not removed from office by the process of impeachment”.

Votes: Continue reading

Nigerians Celebrates Oloyede: As JAMB Returns N5bn into the Government’s Treasure Account.

Prof-Ishaq-Oloyede
Prof. Ishaq Oloyede (JAMB Registrar)

Ever since the realization of the brave act on Friday (21 July), praises and encomiums from all works of life have continued to reach the Registrar of the Joint Admission and Matriculation Board (JAMB), Prof. Ishaq Oloyede. The formidable titan made history by returning a whooping N5 billion to the government’s treasury just within a year in charge. The N5billion is the remainder of the budget spent on the conduct and planning of this year’s examinations.

The JAMB Registrar achieved this feat due to his Administrative acumen after successfully conducting 2017 JAMB Examination. This constitutes a change in the status quo as JAMB used to be known before now to always beg Continue reading

JUNE 12 (1993): What We Need To Know.

M.K.O. Abiola
By Hamza-Afeez Eniola Onireke

Introduction:

Today, June 12, 2017, marks exactly 24 years after Nigeria held her first Presidential election since 1983 military coup that ousted the Buhari-Idiagbon regime. The result was a victory for Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola (MKO) of the Social Democratic Party (SDP) who defeated Bashir Tofa of National Republican Convention with 8,341, 309 votes over the latter’s 5,952, 087, a total of 14, 293, 396. The election, which saw Nigerians jettisoning ethnic and primordial sentiments in electing leaders of their choice first in the history of the country, recorded the SDP with 58.36% and NRC 41. 64% votes respectively. However, the election was later, precisely 11 days after, annulled by military ruler, Ibrahim Babangida leading to a crisis that ended with General Sanni Abacha seizing power later in the year.

June 12 to this moment seem just like yesterday, but it is not just another day in Nigeria; because in progressive ideological circles and democratic ideals, today is regarded as the authentic ‘Democracy Day’ as against the “May 29″ popularly celebrated by the federal government. Despite the little recognition given by the Federal government to this historic date, ‘June 12’ has been heartily celebrated in all South-western states in Nigeria to commemorate the event that transformed the political landscape of Nigeria.

Be that as it may, let me quickly take us down the memory lane so as to capture the significant events that circumvented the inevitability of June 12, 1993:

Early life:

To start with, his name, Kashimawo, means ” Let us wait and see”. Moshood Abiola was his father’s twenty-third child but the first of his father’s children to survive infancy, hence the name ‘Kashimawo’. It was not until he was 15 years old that he was properly named Moshood, by his parents. MKO showed entrepreneurial talents at a very young age, at the age of nine he started his first business selling firewood. He would wake up at dawn to go to the forest and gather firewood, which he would then cart back to town and sell before going to school, to support his old father and his siblings. He later founded a band at age fifteen where he would perform at various ceremonies in exchange for food. Time will not permit me to delve into his early biography, as such, I’ll be chronicling the events that necessitated the June 12, 1993 incidence and its aftermath.

Abiola as a Politician:

Abiola’s involvement in politics was at a young age. He was 19 years old when he joined the National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons (NCNC) in 1979. This was the genesis of his political martyrdom which eventually culminated in his running for the June 12, 1993 Presidential election alongside his running mate, Baba Gana Kingibe (a Muslim-Muslim ticket) under the professor Humphrey Nwosu led National Electoral Commission.

Bashir Tofa, his contender, was overwhelmingly defeated by Abiola with the latter, even winning in the former’s home state. However, the poll, which was adjudged to be the most peaceful election in the history of Nigeria since independence and universally recognized as the freest and fairest in the Nigeria’s democratic experience was, eleven days after, truncated by Ibrahim Babangida claiming that the election was ‘corrupt and unfair’. He also alleged that his action was justified on the basis of ”saving Judiciary from being ridiculed and politicised locally and internationally”. These excuses by Babangida were seen by many critics as nothing but Hocus-Pocus and baseless. This incidence which plunged the country into a political crisis consequently galvanised into the bloodless coup of General Sani Abacha the same year.

In 1994, Abiola declared himself the lawful president of Nigeria in the Epetedo area of Lagos Island, an area mainly dominated by Lagos indigenes, after he returned from a trip to solicit the support of international community for his mandate. After declaring himself president, he was declared wanted and was accused of treason and arrested on the orders of the military president General Sani Abacha, who sent 200 police vehicles to bring him into custody.

Abiola in Detention:

MKO was detained for four years, largely in solitary confinement with Qur’an, Bible and fourteen guards as companions. Nevertheless, it may interest you to know that; two years after his detention, his second wife, Kudirat Abiola was assassinated in Lagos in 1996 after declaring public support for her husband. Abiola continued to remain in detention as he refused to subscribe to the condition of his release which was the renouncement of his mandate as insisted by Abacha.

The death of Abiola:

Abiola died on July 7, 1998 at 60, on the day he was due to be released from incarceration under suspicious circumstances shortly after the death of General Sani Abacha who died a month earlier. The official Autopsy stated that Abiola died of natural causes, but Abacha’s Chief Security Officer, Al-Mustapha alleged he was beaten to death.

Why Should He (MKO) be Celebtated:

One spectacular thing about MKO Abiola is that he used a ‘Hope’ campaign which President Obama also used. Many people have paid attention to the word ‘Hope’ being used to convey a message of possibility during Obama’s 2008 election in the U.S, but 15 years before then in Africa’s most populous nation, MKO Abiola had successfully used the ‘Hope’ message as his Campaign Strategy.

The struggle and death of Abiola have been widely regarded as the event that helped Nigeria return to democracy, with Abiola himself been regarded as one of the greatest elder statesmen Nigeria ever had. June 12 is thus, a day to remember Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola, the then ‘Are-Ona Kakan fo’ ( Generallisimo ) of Yorubaland as well as other democracy martyrs in Nigeria.

God bless Nigeria.
Thank you.

Hamza-Afeez Eniola Onireke is a Thinker, Historian, Social Critic and Public Affairs Analyst.

Tempo Gets Heightened As Lagos Prepare For Local Government polls. See time table and full list of sitting sole administrators.

In a matter of weeks, the political atmosphere in the economic capital of Nigeria, Lagos, will depict competitiveness and rivalry as the lgs/lcdas in the state are preparing for the long awaited Local government elections. The 57 LGAs and LCDAs in Lagos will be the battleground for politicians and political parties as they battle for supremacy.

It should be recalled a Lagos High Court had in 2015 declared all caretaker administration (sole administration) null and void and has given injunctions to the State government to conduct fresh elections within 90. After subsequent appeals, state government is only conditioned to make the elections a reality.

Already, the Akinwumi Ambode led government had promised all residents, politicians and electorates of fairness and transparency. The state electoral body’s representatives has also assured of a smooth running. The Chairman of the LASIEC (Lagos State Independent Electoral Commission), Hon. Justice Ayotunde Philips, through the state’s official web page, disclosed that the commission is determined to ensure a successful conduct of the forthcoming elections. See… http://www.lagosstate.gov.ng/blog/2017/02/01/lasiec-set-to-achieve-success-in-lagos-lg-elections/

In agitations for the main event, all participating political parties have been actively demonstrating the internal democratic process in choosing their anointed candidates. The electorates are also on the look out. Hopeful, finite democracy will carry the day. July 22ndn 2017 has been picked for the conduct of all 57 lg/lcds in the state. View the time table in the picture below.  Continue reading

National Assembly (1): The Senate. (plus comprehensive list of all its members and political parties)

The Senate arm of the National assembly (Red Chamber as it is informal referred) comprises of 109 members effecting 3 each from 36 states of the federation plus 1 member representing the Capital. This arrangement is strictly according to the constitution.

The Senate is only but one half of the Nation’s Bi-cameral structure of allowing two legislative houses to foster progress and development. The Federal House of Representative is the other half. Known as the ‘Red chamber’ for its Red chair settings in its hall, is the Upper House. The Senate alongside the Housed of Representatives (Green Chamber) are vested with the power to deliberate and legislate laws for the country.

 

Its members are so referred to as ‘Senators’. Each constituency is expected to elect 3 members each (FCT provides only One) under the electoral conduct of the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) for four years. Elected members stand the chance of re-running at Continue reading

You Should Know Segment: THE SERVING GOVERNORS, THEIR DEPUTIES AND THE STATE THEY GOVERN.

Image result for map of nigeria
Governors                                       Deputy                          party            State            capital
Okezie Ikpeazu                         Ude Oko Chukwu           PDP               Abia           Umuahia
Jibrilla Bindow                             Martin Babale              APC            Adamawa       Yola
Udom Emmanuel                           Moses Ekpo                  PDP           Akwa ibom       Uyo
Willie Obiano                             Dr. Nkem Okeke            APGA            Anambra       Awka
Mohammed Abubakar                Nuhu Gidado               APC               Bauchi          Bauchi
Seriake Dickson                          Gboribiogha Jonah       PDP               Bayelsa         Yenogoa
Samuel Ortom                                 Benson Abounu          APC                 Benue         Makurdi
Kashim Shettima                             Usman Durkwa          APC                Borno        Maiduguri
Benedict Ayade                                  Ivara Esu                    PDP            Cross river       Calabar
Ifeanyi Okowa                                   Kingsley Otuaro        PDP                Delta               Asaba
Dave Umahi Eric Kelechi Igwe PDP Ebonyi Abakaliki
Godwin Obaseki                                   Philip Shuaibu         APC                 Edo            Benin City
Ayo Fayose                                             Kolapo Olusola          PDP                Ekiti            Ado-Ekiti
Ifeanyi Ugwuanyi                                 Cecilia Ezeilo            PDP               Enugu          Enugu
Ibrahim H. Dankwambo                       Charles Illiya          PDP               Gombe         Gombe
Owelle Rochas Okorocha                    Eze Madumere         APC                  Imo              Oweri
Badaru Abubakar                                 Ibrahim Hadejia      APC              Jigawa             Dutse
Nasir Ahmad El-Rufai                             Bala Bantex            APC               Kaduna        Kaduna
Abdullahi Umar Ganduje                     Hafiz Abubakar      APC                Kano             Kano
Aminu Bello Masari                                  Mannir Yakubu     APC               Katsina        Katsina
Abubakar Atiku Bagudu                 Samaila Yombe Dabai  APC               Kebbi      Bir. Kebbi
Yahaya Bello                                           Simon Achuba             APC                 Kogi             Lokoja
Abdulfatah Ahmed                                 Peter Kisira                APC                Kwara           Ilorin
Akinwunmi Ambode                        Idiat Oluranti Adebule APC                 Lagos             Ikeja Continue reading