NIGERIA @ 57: BRING BACK THE MAMMOTH By Comr. Okhifo Oscar.

Happy Independence to Nigeria at 57! Yes, though we have been through downs together, it would have been an apogee to excuse myself from the celebration. Of course, we are in this together; we must all participate in the brainstorming to overcome.

I eloquently share in the view of some about the hastiness of our colonial freedom. They have, over the years, insisted that the independence of 1960 was too much in a hurry. For their arguments, they believed the colonial masters should have tarried a little longer. Perhaps, a similar development like the one in South Africa would have been the light.

As obvious, the level of infrastructural development and education would have been less abysmal. Unlike what we have at the present; Our self-rule struggle hadnt fetched us enough qualities like those years. As a matter of fact, there are communities where the only surviving means of formal education are the schools that were built by either the colonial influence or the missionaries.

Those who have had the mandate to lead such people simply refused to add up to what they grew up to meet. Such comatose has loudened the cry of pain. A society with an homegrown authorities but lack the basic needs for survival. What a dismal.

The elites of those times, aided by their subjects, worked together

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INDEPENDENCE DAY SPECIALS: FULL TEXT OF THE PRESIDENT’S SPEECH.

BROADCAST BY PRESIDENT MUHAMMADU BUHARI ON OCTOBER 1ST, 2017

My dear Nigerians,

October 1st remains a special date for all Nigerians as this marks the day when we attained one of the most precious of human desires — freedom. Over the years the country has gone through trials and tribulations, but October 1 st is always a day for celebrations. It is a day for thanks giving , reflection and re – dedication .

It is also a day for remembrance. We should remind ourselves of the recent journey from 1999 – 2015 , when our country happily returned to democratic rule. However , in spite of oil prices being an average of $ 100 per barrel and about 2 . 1 m barrels a day, that great piece of luck was squandered and the country ’s social and physical infrastructure neglected . We were left with no savings and huge infrastructure deficit .

The APC Government’ s Campaign rallying cry to restore security, re – balance the economy and fight corruption was not all rhetoric. The country must first be secured . The economy must be re -balanced so that we do not depend on oil alone . We must fight corruption which is Nigeria ’s Number One Enemy. Our Administration is tackling these tasks in earnest.

In the past two years, Nigeria has recorded appreciable gains in political freedom . A political Party at the Centre losing elections of State Governor, National Assembly seat and even State Assemblies to the opposition parties is new to Nigeria . Added to these are complete freedom to associate , to hold and disseminate opinions. Such developments clearly attest to the country ’s
growing political development . But like all freedoms , this is open to abuse .

Recent calls on re – structuring , quite proper in a legitimate debate, has let in highly irresponsible groups to call for dismemberment of the country. We can not and we will not allow such advocacy.

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INDEPENDENCE DAY SPECIALS: THE CHRONICLE OF BRITISH EXPEDITIONS IN NIGERIA. (III)

THE NORTHERN EXPEDITION: How the North fell.

Regularly, the British expeditions often starts from a water based area. The North wasn’t an exception. Lokoja (in the present day Kogi) was the start point in 1867. As usual, a consulate was established.

The British interest in the trade of along the Niger, the United African Company (UAC) was established in 1879 perhaps to gain a united font over other rivals (French and German explorers) within the region. The UAC later became N.A.C (National African Company) in 1881.

Having successfully created trading stations all over the waterways across the region (Onitsha, Asaba, Idah, Aboh) and creating a rapport with the Emirs in the North, the British took steps to dominate. The dreams came through in 1885 (British conference).

The N.A.C soon became R.N.C (The Royal Niger Company Chartered and Limited). RNC controlled the trading matters along the coast while every respective Emir manned his territory according to the statement of the treaties in smooth partnership. This was why the later Indirect rule system was successful in the region.

The rift only started when some Emirs (especially the Emir of Nupe) began to raise questions as to the conduct of the company in determining who comes into their country/Emirate. They felt they practically have no say concerning their territorial boundary laws.

Due to the pressure from the other rivals as they plan to hijack the territory from her, the company wasn’t ready to give in to the agitations of the locals. He therefore planned to silence the agitation for once and all.

In 1897, it ordered a military expedition into Nupe and Ilorin. The success of it gave it more strength to further occupy the rest if the Northern territory.

However, the pressure from outside kept increasing and thus it became clear to the British government that the hold of her territory in the Northern Emirates cannot be left in the hands of a ‘company’. British then financed a military force officered by the British army under the capable hands of Lord Frederick Lugard to dominate the RNC.

It then established its headquarters in Jebba as the West African Frontier Force. So that by January 1, 1900, upon revocation of the Company’s charter (of 1886), the government assumes direct and total control of all the Company’s territories.

Thus, the Union Jack was hoisted at Lokoja by Lugard and every Emirate automatically falls under his leadership. Though, majority of the local Emirate authorities do not know about this until later. He then became the first High Commissioner of the acquired territories.

As usual, the process didn’t go so smooth. There were resistance by local authorities at initials. Especially in Keffi, Kano and Sokoto where a certain Captain Moloney was beheaded by a Chief in Keffi; took cover in Kano and was supported by Sokoto. But as always, all of the Emirate forces put together was not too big for the British Army to handle.

Frederick Lugard continued leadership in the territories along the coast (Southern and Northern axis) discreetly until 1914. Reportedly, the now Nigeria (from the words ‘Niger area’) was amalgamated for ease of administration and trade relations.

In subsequent research, we shall look into Lord Lugard’s role in the formation of the New Nigeria. Anticipate…

Happy Independence day to all Nigerians. In case you missed the President’s Independence Day speech earlier this morning, here is the full script:

https://muzzammilwrites.wordpress.com/2017/10/02/independence-day-specials-full-text-of-the-presidents-speech/

Enjoy your holidays.

Edited and Published on Muzzammilwrites.

Muzzammilwrites Initiatives.
01-10-2017.

Democracy Day: ‘Dont Wish Us Dead; You Will Still Need Us as Mentors’– Obasanjo.

Olusegun Obasanjo

Former President Olusegun Obasanjo on Sunday in a conference, also attended by Aminu Tambuwwal of Sokoto state ane the Minister of Aviation (Osita Chidoka), pleaded with the nation’s youth not to wish the elders in the country “dead”, saying they will surely need them as “mentors” and “advisers” in their sojourn.

He stated categorically that his greatest fear about the Nigeria of today is about the “anger and frustration of the youths”. He likened the situation to a time bomb illustrating that if the situation is not well managed, it could lead to a “youth explosion.”

Nigerian youths are not getting help from anywhere lately and Continue reading